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(Normal range: 65-165 μg/dL (10-26 mmol/L

Comment: Nearly all serum copper is found bound to ceruloplasmin and both change proportionally. Increased levels are found in the last trimester of pregnancy, chronic leukemias, lymphomas in relapse, many anemias, age, infections & inflammatory conditions and Fanconi’s syndrome. It is also raised by oral contraceptives. Deficiency is associated with Wilson’s disease, nephrosis, cystic fibrosis, Menke’s syndrome, chronic diarrhea, hyper alimentation, iron deficiency anemia, malnutrition and infancy

Sample: serum